300.0 — CODE OF STUDENT CONDUCT
300.1 - Dress Code
The Sarasota County School District has established procedural guidelines for student dress, in accordance with School Board Policy 5.37. The principal’s decision on the appropriateness of dress will be final. Refusal to comply with the school’s dress code policy is an infraction under this code.
Students have a RIGHT to:
- Wear appropriate clothes or the school uniform, as long as those clothes or the way the clothes are worn are appropriate for the school, adhere to the school dress code, are not dangerous to health or safety, and do not disrupt the learning environment.
- Learn without being offended or distracted by the way other students are dressed.
Students have a RESPONSIBILITY to:
- Comply with the school dress code.
- Come to school fully clothed and wear clothes which are not dangerous to health or safety, do not disrupt the learning process, and stay within the school dress code.
- Dress in a way not offensive to others at school or at school-sponsored events, including, but not limited to:
- no exposed underwear
- no saggy/baggy/ripped pants
- no pajamas or slippers
- no see-through clothing
- no clothing of an ethnic or racially offensive nature
- Not wear items or markings which are offensive, suggestive, indecent, or associated with gangs; as identified by the Florida Gang Intent Act of 1990.
- Not wear items which encourage the use of drugs, tobacco, alcohol, violence, weapons, or support discrimination on the basis of color, disability, national origin, marital status, race, religion, gender or sexual orientation.
300.2 — Electronic Devices
- Students may possess an electronic device at schools. Tablets, smartphones, smart devices, laptops or other devices that receive, send or store digital data are acceptable, provided that the students are using the devices for educational purposes and have permission from a staff member at the school. The school board is not responsible for preventing theft, loss, damage or vandalism to electronic devices brought onto its property. Refer to Sarasota County School Board Policy 5.38.
- Students may not use electronic devices on school property or at a school-sponsored activity to access and/or view websites that are otherwise blocked to students at the school. In special circumstances, with permission from a supervising school district employee, a student may use an electronic device for communication.
- Students may not possess any electronic device during testing even if the device is turned off or the student does not use it. Violation of this rule will result in the student’s test being invalidated.
- If an electronic device disrupts a class by ringing or vibrating, the student possessing the device will be subject to disciplinary action. Any student who uses an electronic device to threaten or intimidate another student or district staff member through email, social network posting or other electronic messages also will be subject to disciplinary action as determined by the school administration.
- Electronic devices used in violation of school rules will be confiscated and returned to the student’s parent or guardian.
300.3 — Technology Use
Technology is an integral part of a student’s educational experience and must be used in a way that is consistent with the goals of Sarasota County Schools. Technology includes, but is not limited to: computers, smartphone, smart devices, other electronic devices, software, e-mail, the Internet, other network resources, cell phones and cameras. Student use of technology is a privilege; students are responsible for using technology appropriately. This includes the use of school district equipment away from school grounds.
The following are inappropriate and/or illegal uses of technology:
- Transmission of any material in violation of federal, state, or local law, or School Board policy, regulation, or Code of Student Conduct. This includes, but is not limited to copyrighted material; threatening, obscene, or pornographic material; vandalizing data, test questions and/or answers; student work products; trade secrets; and computer viruses, “worms” or “trojans.”
- Utilizing technology for commercial activities unless explicitly permitted by the School Board.
- Downloading and/or printing music, games, images, words, videos or inappropriate files or content during school hours, including school sponsored activities.
- Modifying the school district’s original pre-set software or hardware, including, but not limited to: loading software applications not authorized by the school district; changing the computer name; changing or removing operating system and extensions; altering security/filtering software; altering the pre-loaded operating system or application; or taking apart the computer for access to internal parts, accessing or altering password.
- Using applications (apps) including social media, chats, e-mail, instant messaging, web pages, or other technology operations to threaten, disrupt, or interfere with the safety and welfare of the school community.
- Gaining or attempting to gain unauthorized access to the district’s network, computer servers, or data files.
- Gaining or attempting to gain unauthorized access to non-district networks, computer servers, or data files utilizing district equipment.
- Using profanity, obscenity, other language which may be offensive to another user, or reposting and copying personal communications without the author’s prior consent, when using computer network access.
- Attempting to log on to the district’s network using another person’s identity.
- Bypassing or attempting to bypass the district’s filtering software, including the use of proxies or VPNs.
- Using computers, networks, and online telecommunication systems unrelated to students’ educational systems. This includes the prohibition of plagiarism, reproduction of state- or teacher-made tests, textbooks, teaching materials, non-authored text, cheating and theft of ideas.
- Accessing, posting or distributing offensive, threatening, bullying, harassing, obscene, inflammatory, or pornographic material.
- Using network access to destroy information that belongs to others.
- Copying software or other copyright-protected materials in violation of copyright laws.
- Using the network for any illegal activity or private business purposes or accessing inappropriate Internet sites including social media applications (apps).
- “Hacking” into the school’s computer systems or unauthorized modification of computer settings. These acts will be considered vandalism and disruption of a school function and will be treated as such.
- Using technology to threaten, harass or bully other students or staff.
- Using a computer, applications (apps), tablets, electronic devices, video, camera or program in any manner other than for appropriate educational purposes.
Violations will result in serious disciplinary actions, which may include an arrest if any criminal law is broken. Examples of such violations would be computer hacking or trespass, harassment, or threats via computer or computer fraud.
300.4 — Student Search and Seizure: F.S. §1006.09 (9)
School personnel may search students reasonably suspected of being in possession of contraband or other prohibited items while on school district property or wherever students are under the official supervision of district employees, such as on field trips, at extracurricular activities, or while being transported to and from such places either by school bus, by approved drivers, or by other means of conveyance.
- School personnel may conduct a search of a student, a student’s possessions, a student’s locker, or any other storage area on school property without a warrant when school personnel have reasonable suspicion that illegal, prohibited or harmful items or substances, or stolen property, may be concealed on a student’s person or in a storage area.
- School personnel are encouraged to attempt to obtain consent from a student to search for illegal, prohibited, harmful items or substances, or stolen property, but may proceed with a search without a student’s consent, upon reasonable suspicion of a prohibited or illegally-possessed substance or object.
- School personnel has the authority to search a student’s backpack, purse, or wallet, upon reasonable suspicion, if the student refuses to reveal the contents inside.
- School lockers are the property of the district and are subject to periodic searches without prior notice and without reasonable suspicion of a violation of the law.
- Parking a vehicle on school district property is a privilege which may be extended to students. All students desiring to park a vehicle on school district property shall be required to sign a consent form allowing the vehicle, upon reasonable suspicion, to be searched by the principal or his or her designee. Refusal of a student to cooperate in the request to search his or her vehicle shall result in the revocation of the student’s parking permit for two (2) years from the date of refusal.
300.5 — Pledge of Allegiance
Florida law requires that the Pledge of Allegiance must be recited at the beginning of the day in every Florida public elementary, middle and high school. The law also grants students the right not to participate in reciting the pledge. Upon written request by a parent/guardian, a student must be excused from reciting the pledge, including being excused from standing and placing the right hand over his or her heart
300.6 — Bullying
NOTE: Any reference to “bullying” in this handbook includes cyberbullying (via computer, tablet, smartphone smart devices, applications (apps) social media, chats, posts, or any other electronic device or means), whether or not specifically stated. It is the policy of the Sarasota County School District that all of its students and school employees have an educational setting that is safe, secure and free from harassment and bullying of any kind. The district will not tolerate bullying and harassment of any type. Bullying means systematically and chronically inflicting physical hurt or psychological distress on one or more students or employees. It is further defined as unwanted and repeated written, verbal, or physical behavior, including any threatening, insulting, or dehumanizing gesture, by a student or adult, that is severe or pervasive enough to create an intimidating, hostile, or offensive educational environment; cause discomfort or humiliation; or unreasonably interfere with the individual’s school performance or participation; and may involve but is not limited to teasing; social exclusion; threat; intimidation; stalking; physical violence; theft; sexual, religious, or racial harassment; public humiliation; or destruction of property. Harassment means any threatening, insulting or dehumanizing gesture, use of data or computer software, or written, verbal or physical conduct directed against a student or school employee that places a student or school employee in reasonable fear of harm to his/her person or damage to his/her property; has the effect of substantially interfering with a student’s educational performance, opportunities, or benefits; or has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly operation of a school.
Bullying and harassment also encompass retaliation against a student or school employee by another student or school employee for asserting or alleging an act of bullying or harassment. Reporting an act of bullying or harassment that is not made in good faith is considered retaliation. Perpetuation of conduct listed in the definition of bullying or harassment by an individual or group with intent to demean, dehumanize, embarrass, or cause emotional or physical harm to a student or school employee by incitement or coercion; accessing or knowingly and willingly causing or providing access to data or computer software through a computer, computer system, or computer network within the scope of the District school system; or acting in a manner that has an effect substantially similar to the effect of bullying or harassment.
Cyberstalking as defined in §784.048(1)(d) Fla. Stat., means to engage in a course of conduct to communicate, or to cause to be communicated, words, images, or language by or through the use of electronic mail or electronic communication directed at a specific person, causing substantial emotional distress to that person and serving no legitimate purpose.
Conduct that constitutes bullying and harassment, as defined herein, is prohibited. The District upholds that bullying or harassment of any student or school employee is prohibited as follows:
- during any education program or activity conducted by a public K-12 educational institution;
- during any school-related or school-sponsored program or activity;
- on a school bus of a public K-12 educational institution; or
- through the use of data or computer software that is accessed through a computer, computer system, or computer network of a public K-12 educational institution.
Incidents of bullying or harassment shall be reported to the school’s administration. The principal or designee will investigate all reports of bullying that have been deemed a violation of the policy pursuant to the steps outlined in School Board Policy 2.70.
A maximum of ten (10) school days shall be the limit for the initial filing of incidents and completion of the investigative procedural steps. The highest level of confidentiality possible will be upheld regarding the submission of a complaint or a report of bullying and/or harassment and the investigative procedures that follow. Consequences and appropriate remedial action for students who commit acts of bullying or harassment may range from positive behavioral interventions up to and including suspension or expulsion, as outlined in the Code of Student Conduct. The Sarasota School District Bullying and Harassment Policy 2.70 will be publicized at the beginning of each school year for staff, parents and students.
300.7 — Gangs
It is essential that schools be safe and orderly to provide environments that foster learning and high academic achievement. In order to promote an orderly learning environment in our schools while preparing students for later success in the world of work, the School Board of Sarasota County has taken a proactive approach and has established procedural guidelines concerning youth gang activity. These guidelines are to address problems associated with youth gangs through proactive education and disciplinary action, when necessary. Sarasota County Schools’ policy 5.371 addresses the definition of gang members as well as these disciplinary actions. Any student who is associated with a gang and/or participates in gang activity as outlined by this policy is subject to immediate disciplinary action. This includes, but is not limited to, gang dress, gang symbols/signs and gang tattoos. If a parent is concerned about a student’s possible involvement in gang activity, he or she should contact a school counselor, school administrator or School Resource Officer or Deputy.
300.8 — Discrimination
Students have a RIGHT to:
- Attend school in an environment where all students and adults are treated equally, without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, marital status or sexual orientation.
- Attend school in an environment free from discrimination, bullying and/or sexual harassment.
Students have a RESPONSIBILITY to:
- Treat others fairly and with respect.
- Conduct themselves and their activities in such a manner that they treat others equally with regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, marital status or sexual orientation.
- Report occurrences of discrimination, as described above, to appropriate school personnel.
300.9 - Discipline Policies and Procedures
Violations of the Code of Student Conduct occur in varying degrees of severity. These behaviors are aligned with the district’s discipline policy, from least severe (Level 1) to most severe (Level 4). The range of consequences for offenses appears in the chart following this section.
Tardiness, habitual Truancy/unexplained absence Leaving school grounds without permission
Rules Violations Incidents
Dress code violation
Public display of affection
Failure to comply with class/school rules
Disobeying rules on the school bus
Articles disruptive to the school Prohibited items,
non-criminal, and unauthorized use of medication
Unauthorized sale/distribution of materials
Bus disruption Disobedience/insubordination Profane/obscene language Non-criminal threat Physical aggression (not involving law enforcement) Repetitive disruptive behaviors Repetitive disobedience/open defiance Insubordination Repetitive bullying, harassing, intimidating Threatening behaviors Hazing
Abuse of school property/minor vandalism
Petty theft (under $300)
Rules Violations and Other Serious Incidents
Unserved detention (regular) Unserved detention (extended/multiple) Unserved detention (Saturday) Firecracker/poppers Forgery of a document or signature Gambling
Sexual Harassment Severe/repetitive inappropriate activity Menacing statements, non-criminal Public nudity
Local law enforcement authorities shall be notified when any crime or delinquent act is committed on school property or school-sponsored transportation, or during a school-sponsored activity.
All Level Three offenses will result in out-of-school suspension and possible recommendation for expulsion.
Attendance Incidents Fighting Verbal assault on a student/person Verbal assault on school district employee Physical battery on a student/person (non-school district employee)
Attempting criminal act against a person Extortion/blackmail/coercion
Robbery Physical aggression (involving law enforcement)
Intentional false accusations against staff members
Stealing more than $300 Vandalism more than $1,000 (includes materials/labor) Breaking and entering
Burglary Computer misuse Reckless vehicle use Motor vehicle theft Counterfeit/misrepresented documents
Possession/use of tobacco products/electronic cigarettes Unauthorized possession or use of prescription medications Use of intoxicants Possession, use, storage of drugs or imitation drugs represented as drugsDisorderly Conduct/Weapons Incidents Disruption of a school/disorderly conduct Trespassing False fire alarm/911 call Bomb threat Inappropriate, lewd, or obscene act Sex misconduct Sex offenses Possession of a knife Possession of a potentially dangerous item Felony suspension act
Minimum mandatory punishment for Level Four offenses: out-of-school suspension and recommendation for expulsion.
Making a threat by conveying, depicting or symbolizing an act of violence via a verbal, written or drawn message, or by electronic transmission Making a threat or false report involving a school or a school’s personal property or school transportation, involving a school-sponsored activity Possession, use, or sale of any firearm, weapon or other prohibited articles Possession, use, sale, storage or distribution of an explosive device Possession, use, sale, intent to sell, or distribution of drugs, imitation drugs represented as drugs or prescription medications Possession, use, manufacture, sale, storage, or distribution of alcohol or intoxicating beverages Aggravated battery Arson Armed robbery Battery or aggravated battery on a school district employee Kidnapping or abduction Homicide
*There is a mandatory minimum punishment of one (1) full year (365 days) of a disciplinary consequence for zero-tolerance offenses.
300.10 — Zero Tolerance
Florida Statute §1006.13 mandates that, “Each school district shall adopt a policy of zero tolerance that defines criteria for reporting to a law enforcement agency any act that occurs whenever or wherever students are within the jurisdiction of the district school board; defines acts that pose a serious threat to school safety; defines petty acts of misconduct; minimizes the victimization of students, staff, or volunteers, including taking all steps necessary to protect the victim of any violent crime from further victimization; establishes a procedure that provides each student with the opportunity for a review of the disciplinary action imposed pursuant to s. 1006.07.”
Any student who is determined to have brought a firearm or weapon, as defined in chapter 790, to school, to any school function, or onto any school-sponsored transportation, or to have possessed a firearm at school, will be expelled, with or without continuing educational services, from the student’s regular school for a period of not less than 1 full year and referred to mental health services identified by the school district pursuant to s. 1012.584(4) and the criminal justice or juvenile justice system. Also, refer to school board policy 300.12 (Prohibition of Weapons) for additional information.
Any student who is determined to have made a threat or false report, as defined by ss. 790.162 and 790.163, respectively, involving school or school personnel’s property, school transportation, or a school sponsored activity will be expelled, with or without continuing educational services, from the student’s regular school for a period of not less than 1 full year and referred for criminal prosecution and mental health services identified by the school district pursuant to s. 1012.584(4) for evaluation or treatment, when appropriate.
In complying with the law, the School Board of Sarasota County has enacted School Board Policy 5.32. Please review this policy carefully for a list of offenses that, in the absence of mitigating circumstances, will cause the student to be brought before the Board for expulsion.
All students are expected to follow the rules of this Handbook and Code of Student Conduct on their way to and from school. The principal or designee may take administrative action if students’ misconduct in route to or from school has a harmful effect on the health, safety or welfare of themselves, other students and/or the school.
300.11 — Behaviors and Consequences Chart
All possible behaviors/actions have not been included on this chart, and the omission of any behavior or action from this chart does not preclude the school administration from taking appropriate action to resolve any situation. A school administrator may develop additional consequences for a particular behavior as long as these consequences do not violate school board policies or state statutes. See Behavior and Consequences Chart in Section 300.9.
300.12 —Prohibition of Weapons
No student, while on school property, school transportation, or in attendance at a school-sponsored function, shall be in the possession of any article prohibited by law or rules of the district/school, or any article which could reasonably be considered as a weapon. Any student who brings a weapon will be expelled from the regular school for not less than one year and referred to law enforcement or juvenile justice system for criminal prosecution.
Violations include any weapon as defined by Florida Statutes (Chapter 790), the possession, sale, distribution, display, transfer or use of any firearm or explosive device, whether operable or inoperable, loaded or unloaded. Examples include, but are not limited to, the following: guns, BB pistols, firecrackers, bullets, facsimile guns, smoke bombs or shock devices. Violations also include the possession of any object or material deliberately used to damage property, intended for use or that may be used to inflict harm or intimidate any person. This includes the possession of a knife of any size or length, a box cutter or any other sharp object, mace, pepper spray or any aerosol chemical propellant.
300.13 — Prohibition of Drugs
No student, while on school property or school transportation, or in attendance at a school-sponsored function, shall possess, use, store, sell,
distribute or be under the influence of any substance defined as a controlled substance under Florida Statutes. These include, but are not limited to, marijuana, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any substance which requires a physician’s prescription, or any substance, synthetic or otherwise, designed to create a sense of euphoria or intoxication, or any substance represented by an illegal substance, such as “designer drugs.” No student, while on school property, school transportation, or in attendance at a school-sponsored function, shall possess, use, store, sell or distribute any equipment or device for the purpose of preparing or using drugs. These include, but are not limited to, items listed in Florida Statutes, and items which may be determined to be drug paraphernalia or electronic cigarettes under the criteria set out in Florida Statutes and/or school/school board policies.
300.14 — Disciplinary Actions
In order to maintain safe and effective learning conditions, it may be necessary to impose disciplinary consequences for behaviors which disrupt the learning environment or pose a danger to students or school personnel. The following briefly describes the disciplinary actions recognized by the school district and the school board.
300.15 — Student Detention, Search, and Seizure
A school staff member is authorized to temporarily detain a student when there is reasonable suspicion that the student has violated a school board policy. This authority permits appropriate search procedures by administrative staff or designees, including searches of vehicles parked on school campuses, and supervised canine searches of student lockers, vehicles, purses, shoes, socks, pockets, backpacks, or other storage areas, the use of metal detectors and the seizure of suspect items [§1006.09(9)F.S.].
300.16 — Removal from Class
If a student causes a disruption to the educational environment, the student may be removed from the classroom.
300.17 — In-School Restriction
This program provides for on-campus restriction in lieu of out-of-school suspension at the discretion of the administrator. However, due to problems of supervision or lack of facilities at some schools, in-school restriction may not be offered at all schools. Appropriate behavior and attention to schoolwork are essential for this option to be available.
300.18— Restriction of Privileges
Any student involved in a violation of the Code of Student Conduct may have his or her privileges restricted. The student may be denied participation in extracurricular activities. The student may be assigned to report frequently to a specified staff member who will assist in monitoring the adjustment to specific situations pertaining to the school and the student during this probationary period.
300.19 — School Bus Suspension
The privilege of riding the bus may be denied. In such cases, transportation shall be provided by the parent or guardian.
Due Process for Suspension and Expulsion When disciplinary actions reach the level of suspension or expulsion of a student, the following procedural steps are implemented to protect the interests of the student. The principal or designee will use and follow the steps in the Due Process Checklist, including identifying whether a student is receiving Exceptional Student Education, 504 plan, or English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) services. Prior to suspension, recommendation for expulsion or administrative assignment to an alternative school program, the student shall be provided due process and have the right to:
- Be advised of the charges/accusations.
- Be provided an opportunity to respond to the charges.
- Be provided an opportunity to submit to the administrator a list of names of other individuals who might have witnessed the incident.
- Be advised why they are being suspended or recommended for expulsion.
300.20a — Suspension
When suspension from school is being considered for a student, certain procedures are required by law. A school principal or designee may suspend a student from school for up to 10 (ten) school days per incident for persistent disobedience and/or gross misconduct. The principal or designee takes this action when he or she has exhausted other disciplinary strategies or when alternatives have at least been considered, but have been rejected as inappropriate in a given situation. Conferences to resolve the problem are scheduled with the parent/guardian, student and appropriate administrator.
When a suspension is implemented, the parent/guardian will be informed, through written notification, that he or she has a right to a hearing with the principal. The principal’s decision to suspend a student is final. Any student may appeal an alleged failure to provide due process to the superintendent or designee. Students will be remanded to the custody of their parent/guardian with specific coursework assignments to be completed. This disciplinary action excludes a student from entering or remaining on any school campus for any purpose, and he or she is restricted from participation in school-related functions. This includes all athletic and extracurricular activities on any Sarasota County School District campus.
For students with an Individual Education Plan (IEP)/504 plan, federal law requires that IEP/504 plan teams conduct a Manifestation Determination Review (MDR) when a student’s accumulated suspensions reach 10 (ten) days within a school year. At the MDR, the IEP/504 plan team must determine whether the student’s misconduct was caused by his or her disabilities.
300.20b — Expulsion
If a student expelled in another district seeks to enroll, the student may be admitted by the district school board, with or without the recommendation of the district school superintendent, and the student may be placed in an appropriate educational program and referred to mental health services identified by the school district pursuant to s.1012.584(4), when appropriate, at the direction of the district school board.
A school principal may request that the superintendent recommend to the school board that a student be expelled. This is the most serious disciplinary step available. It denies the student attendance in any and all programs of Sarasota County Schools. An expulsion may be recommended for the remainder of the academic year, the summer session and one additional academic year.
For students with an Individual Education Plan (IEP)/504 plan, federal law requires that IEP/504 plan teams conduct a Manifestation Determination Review for all students who have committed expellable offenses. At the MDR, the IEP/504 plan team must determine whether the student’s misconduct was caused by his or her disabilities. If it is determined that the misconduct was caused by the student’s disabilities, the student would return to his or her current placement.
For ESE students only, an IEP Team would convene to determine any possible changes for the student, including a possible placement change. If it is determined that the conduct was not caused by the student’s disabilities, the student could be considered for a recommendation for expulsion.
If grounds for expulsion exist, the superintendent or designee will notify the student and parents in writing of the charges against the student in a language the student and parents can understand. On the day a student with a disability (IEP/504 plan) is recommended for expulsion, the administrator must contact and provide to parent Notice of Procedural Safeguards. The parent or guardian will also receive the notice of suspension and Settlement Agreement which will include the following information:
- Notice of the extended suspension period
- Notice of the student’s right to a hearing pursuant to §120.569 and §120.57(2) Fla. Stat.
- A brief statement of the accusation against the student
- Grounds for the expulsion
- The student’s and parent’s/legal guardian’s procedural rights in connection with the hearing, including the right to counsel or other representation should they request a hearing
- Period of expulsion
- Notice of the consequences of failure to request or attend the hearing, which constitutes a waiver of further rights in the matter
The notification may also include a proposed settlement agreement.
Settlement and Second Chance Agreement
The principal or designee should offer to meet with the student’s parent(s) or legal guardian(s) to discuss a possible Second Chance agreement or settlement agreement prior to proceeding through the formal hearing. A Second Chance Agreement is an agreement that may be offered to students who have committed an expellable offense pursuant to the Code of Student Conduct. The Second Chance Agreement is a disciplinary program that allows the student to remain on the regular school campus with specific conditions which may, in appropriate circumstances, include a safety plan. .One or more of the following factors can be considered in granting a Second Chance Agreement:
- The act committed was not premeditated nor was there malicious intent
- The student has no previous similar referrals
- The student does not have a significant history of insubordination/misbehavior
- Academically the student has a 2.0 grade point average or better
- The student has good attendance; no more than three unexcused absences
A Settlement Agreement is an agreement that may be offered to students who have committed an expellable offense pursuant to the Code of Student Conduct (School Board Policy 5.34). The Settlement Agreement allows the student to attend an alternative school to continue their education in lieu of being expelled from the Sarasota County School District upon the student’s agreement to comply with strict behavioral, attendance, and other conditions enumerated in the Settlement Agreement.
Formal Expulsion Hearing (formally requested by parent or guardian through the district discipline office)
The hearing will be held before a hearing officer appointed by the district. The hearing will be held as soon as possible after written notification of charges to the parent. The parent/legal guardian and principal will be notified of the time and date of the hearing.
- Expulsion hearings are governed by §120.569 Fla. Stat. Although the school district is exempt from §286.011 Fla. Stat., which requires reasonable notice of a hearing, the student’s parent(s) or legal guardian(s) must be given notice of the provisions of §286.011 Fla. Stat. and may elect to have the hearing held in compliance with that statute. Testimony will be presented under oath. Hearsay is admissible, although it may not be the sole basis for the recommendation.
- The student may be represented by counsel and will be afforded the opportunity to cross-examine witnesses supporting the charge, to call witnesses on the student’s behalf and to introduce evidence.
- A sufficient record of the proceedings will be kept so a transcript can be prepared in the event either party requests one.
- The hearing officer will issue a recommended order within seven (7) days following the hearing. The Sarasota County School Board will consider the recommendation and exemptions, if any, at its next regularly scheduled meeting and will approve or disapprove of the recommendation.
- The hearing officer will make factual findings of the allegations of misconduct against the student. If the findings are substantiated, the hearing officer may recommend an additional year of expulsion. A hearing officer does not decide whether a student is entitled to attend an alternative school.
- The district must offer educational services to ESE students during the period of expulsion. Expulsion of students with disabilities is defined as removal from one program to another, not exclusion from public education. Services may not be provided through a regular school assignment.
300.21 — Disruptive Students – Staff Intervention
The use of reasonable physical force must be consistent with federal, state and laws, school district rules and school board policy. A teacher shall have the authority, while on duty, to come into physical contact with a student or students to the degree necessary for the purpose of establishing or maintaining control of students, including to reasonably protect himself/herself, other people or property. Such physical contact shall not be construed to be corporal punishment.
300.22 — Reporting of Crimes and/or Disruptive Behavior
It is important that all students and parents/guardians understand that certain criminal and/or disruptive behavior must, by school board policy,
be reported to appropriate law enforcement authorities. The following types of incidents will be reported: alcohol use, arson, battery, bullying, breaking/entering, drugs, kidnapping, larceny/theft, possession or use of weapons or explosive devices, property damage, vandalism, robbery, sex offenses, sexual battery, sexual harassment or any other serious incident or disruption of school operation.
Any student formally charged with a felony by the proper prosecuting authority shall be subject to suspension in accordance with Florida Statutes for a period of time which may exceed 10 (ten) days, as determined by the superintendent.
If the student is adjudicated delinquent or guilty of a felony, the school board has the authority to expel the student.
300.23 — Procedures for Off-Campus Felony Cases
Florida Statutes §1006.09(2) allows the superintendent to suspend a student from school for a period longer than 10 (ten) days when a student has been formally charged with a felony committed on property other than public school property. In order for districts to utilize this section of the statutes, a student must have been formally charged, and in an administrative hearing, the school/district must show that the incident will have an adverse effect on the educational program, discipline or welfare of the school in which the student is enrolled. If the student is adjudicated guilty or delinquent, the school board may expel the student.